The official peer-review journal of the Nigerian Academy of Science, the apex science society in Nigeria.  The Proceedings of the Nigerian Academy of Science (PNgAS) publishes original research, systematic reviews, and meta-analysis in all STEM disciplines, especially those that address national and regional developmental challenge and it is freely available for anyone to be able to access online

PNgAS is licensed under a Creative Commons’ Attribution 4.0 International License.  Users can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format under the following terms:

  1. Attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.  You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  2. Non-Commercial – You may not use the material for commercial purposes
  3. No Derivatives – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material
  4. No Additional Restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights and The Nigerian Academy of Science retains the publishing rights.